The newest home HVAC technology is the heat pump. They are two-way systems, meaning they keep your home cool during summers and warm during winters.
A heat pump can save 30% to 70% on home heating costs and 20% to 50% on home cooling costs when compared to other systems. However, just as with all heating and cooling systems, proper maintenance of heat pumps is the key to efficient operation. According to energy.gov, a neglected air pump could be consuming 10% to 25% more energy.
Here are a few tips to run your heat pump efficiently all year long:
- Check air filters monthly and clean/replace as needed. Inspect ducts, filters, blowers, and indoor coil for any obstructions. Dirty filters, coils, and fans reduce airflow which decreases system performance and can damage your system's compressor. Changing filters regularly also helps control indoor humidity.
- Keep outdoor unit clear of snow, ice, dirt, and debris.
- Maintain a 2-foot area of clearance on sides of the heat pump to provide proper airflow.
- Keep the registers open.
- Clean outdoor coils whenever they appear dirty.
- Clean the indoor condensate pan and drain in Spring before using the AC. This should be done by a trained service technician.
You should also have a professional technician service your heat pump at least every year. The best times to schedule is in the fall before winter weather arrives and in the spring before AC season. Your technician will:
- Diagnose and seal any leaks in the ducts.
- Check for and repair any refrigerant leaks.
- Confirm that your heat pump is receiving adequate airflow.
- Verify correct thermostat operation.
- Inspect and lubricate motors and bearings as needed.
- Inspect electric terminals, and, if necessary, clean and tighten connections.